The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Investing Hydroelectric Energy
Hydroelectric energy is produced when flowing water is allowed to move through running turbines which then generates electrical energy. Hydropower is one of the oldest large-scale renewable energy sources which contributed a third of all energy needs in the US in the 1940s.The exploration and investment in other energy sources has reduced the dependence of hydropower in the united states to around 6%.
Hydroelectric energy generation comes with both advantages and disadvantages and it is important that these environmental and economic implications be understood well before making a decision on whether or not to invest in the hydropower generation.
Explained below are some of the pros of making investments on the hydroelectric power generation. The first advantage is that the resource to be used that is water is free and can be readily accessed as compared to fossil fuels which are hard to come by and expensive. The second reason why you should consider investing in hydroelectric power generation is because of its high efficiency in converting captured energy to electrical energy which stands at around 90%.Thirdly the hydroelectric energy investment is good because the power generation has no water,land or air pollution as compared to other sources of energy that causes pollution and increase global warming.The fourth advantage of investing in the hydroelectric energy is that the process is renewable because when water which is used to run turbines evaporates,it falls back naturally as rain. The fifth advantage of investing in the hydroelectric energy is that it improves the quality of the environment by contributing to quality water for irrigation and providing larger and better habitats for aquatic life.The sixth reason for the investment on hydroelectric energy is the fact that the investor is able to keep up with demand by establishing new power plants on the existing power dams. The seventh advantage of investing in the hydroelectric energy is that it offers a basis for development of recreational facilities such as fishing, water sports and camping for holidaymakers.The other advantage of investing in hydropower is that it is cost effective when compared to other source of energy such as natural gas and coal.
The disadvantages of investing in hydroelectric energy has the following disadvantages.To begin with,the hydropower generation contributes to the destruction of natural habitats. The second disadvantage to hydroelectric power generation is that there are some large amounts of methane and carbon IV oxide emission that occurs when the plants and trees rot without using oxygen around the dam. The dependence of the hydropower on heavy rain to optimally generate energy,the risk of flooding it poses on the surrounding settlements and the expensive nature of installation are some other disadvantages of hydroelectric energy investment.